Written by Inge Erdal. A Christian sect deemed heretical by the Catholic Church and routinely persecuted, the history of the Cathars is a complicated one. With regional variations and conflicting historiography, approaching this particular moment in religious history requires an understanding of the mutability of the human experience.
Written by Amy Hendrie. Popular conceptions of the Middle Ages as cruel and gruesome extend to ideas about medieval medicine. But the medieval understanding of the body was steeped in history, and likely extended into modernity more than one would think.
Written by Kat Jivkova. Both the Istanbul and Uraniborg observatories were pioneers in the fields of astronomy and alchemy. Despite the cultural schism between them, comparative study can elucidate significant advances in astronomic practice in the sixteenth century.